MLC, 2006 has been described as the fourth pillar of international shipping regulations along with SOLAS, MARPOL, and STCW. The ILO incorporated and consolidated a number of previous Conventions in the Maritime Labor Convention in 2006. The MLC establishes minimum standards on conditions of employment, accommodations, health and safety, medical care, crew welfare, recruitment, working conditions and social security protection. It will enter into force in August 20, 2013. The MLC applies to ships over 500 GT engaged in international voyages. The Flag Administration, the U.S. Coast Guard for U.S. registered vessels, must issue the Declaration of Maritime Labor Compliance (DMLC) Part I. The DMLC Part I will delineate U.S. requirements and each organization must prepare and submit a DMLC Part II that provides details on how the requirements will be met.
MLC will be strictly enforced during port state control inspections, including the potential for more detailed inspections and possible detention where hazardous conditions may exist if ships are not to be in compliance.
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